Bodh Gaya Land of buddha

Mahabodhi Vihar or Mahabodhi Temple is a famous Buddhist vihara located in Bodh Gaya. It has also been declared a World Heritage by UNESCO. This monastery stands at the same place where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment in the 6th century BCE.

Buddham Saranam Gacchami

This vihara is also known as Mukhi Vihar or Mahabodhi Vihar. The structure of this vihara is similar to the stupa established by Emperor Ashoka. 

A huge statue of Gautama Buddha is installed in this vihara. The statue is the state of padmasana.

It is interesting to follow here that this idol is located in the place where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. The carved railing of the stone is built around the Vihara. This railing is the oldest remains found in Bodh Gaya. To the south-east direction of this Vihara complex is a park rich in natural scenes where Buddhist bhikkhus meditate. Common people can enter this park only with the permission of the Vihar administration.

Who, When & Why Was Buddha ?

Lord Gautam Buddha, who showed the world a new path with his thoughts, was a great philosopher, scientist, religious leader of India, a great social reformer and founder of Buddhism. Buddha was married to Yashodhara. A child was born from this marriage, which was named Rahul, but sometime after the marriage, Gautam Buddha abandoned his wife and child.

Lord Buddha

He went from his palace to the forest in the night in search of true divine knowledge and a way to liberate the world from birth, death and sorrows. After many years of rigorous practice, he attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya (Bihar) and became Siddhartha Gautama to Gautam Buddha.

  • Name – Siddharth Gautam Buddha
  • Birth – 563 BC Lumbini, Nepal
  • Death – 483 BC Kushinagar, India
  • Wedding – Princess Yashodhara
  • Children – One son, Rahul
  • Father’s name – Shuddhodan (a king and a skilled ruler)
  • Mother’s Name – Maya Devi (Queen)
  • Establishment of Buddhism – during the fourth century

Today there are about 190 crore Buddhist followers in the whole world and the number of people following Buddhism is 25% in the world. According to a survey, it includes – China, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand, Mongolia, Cambodia, Bhutan, South Korea, hong-kong, Singapore, India, Malaysia, Nepal, Indonesia, America and Sri Lanka etc. countries which include Bhutan, Sri Lanka and India In Buddhism, there are a large number of followers. Bodh Gaya is a religious site and place of pilgrimage for Buddhists

Life introduction of Lord Gautam Buddha

Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini Nepal near Kapilavastu around 563 BC. Mahalaya Devi, the queen of Kapilvastu, suffered a childbirth on her way to her goddaughter, in which a child was born. Due to his birth in Gautam Gautra, he was called Gautama Buddha. His father Shudodhan was a king, his mother Maya Devi was a woman of Koli dynasty but Maya Devi died within 7 days after giving birth to a child.

After which he was brought up by his aunt and queen Gautami, the king’s second wife, and this child was named Siddhartha. This name means one who was born to attain Siddhi but he was later attained Siddhi. Siddhartha was a very kind and compassionate person since childhood.

Siddhartha used to lose himself when he used to play sports in childhood as he did not want to give grief to others. Siddharth also has a cousin named Devadatta. Once Devdutt had fired an arrow with his bow, which injured a bird goose and later Siddhartha protected the injured goose.

Lord Buddha

Buddha's teaching, marriage & penance

Buddha Childhood
Buddha Childhood Symbolic pic | CC : vimuttisukha

Siddhartha completed his education with Guru Vishwamitra. Along with the Vedas and Upanishads, he also received education in warfare. Since childhood, no other person could compete in a charioteer riding horse, bow and arrow and chariot.

Siddharth was married to Princess Yashodhara at the age of just 16 and from this marriage a child was born, named Rahul, but he did not feel like home and fascination in the world of Maya and he left the family Went into the forest.

Father and King Shuddhodana had also made a lot of pleasures for Siddharth. The father had also built 3 palaces for his son according to the season of 3, in which all the arrangements of dancing, singing and such rest were available, but these things could not pull Siddhartha towards himself. Siddharth decided to leave his beautiful wife and beautiful child and go towards the forest.

Siddharth went to the forest and started doing austerities even harder. At first Siddharth started austerities by eating sesame rice, but later he started doing austerities without food and drink. Due to harsh heating, his body was dry and it had been 6 years while he was doing penance.

One day Siddhartha was doing penance in the forest, suddenly some women were returning from a city, on the same path Siddhartha was doing penance.

One of the songs that the women were singing was a song in Siddharth’s ears, “Don’t leave the strings of Veena loose” Don’t leave the strings so long that it breaks Siddharth’s ears and he realizes that the routine Yoga is proved by dieting, but nothing is good. For any attainment, the medium is the right path, for this hard penance has to be done.

Buddha marriage
Buddha marriage Symbolic pic | CC : vimuttisukha

Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment

Mahabodhi Tree
Mahabodhi Tree

On the day of Vaishakhi Purnima, Siddharth sat in his meditation carefully under the tree tree. A woman from the village named Sujatha had a son, that woman had asked for a vow for her son from the vatavriksha which he had asked for and he had got a gold plate to fulfill this happiness. I filled the pudding of cow’s milk and reached that vatavriksha.

The woman very comfortably presented Kheer to Siddharth and said that my wish was fulfilled as well as yours. Siddhartha’s meditation was successful on meditating that same night, he realized the truth since then Siddhartha was called Buddha. The tree which Siddhartha had realized under the Peepal tree was called Bodhivriksha and Bodh Gaya was called the border place of Gaya.

Dharma Chakra and Transformation

For the 80 years, instead of Sanskrit, keep preaching your religion in the simple language of the time, and the popularity of religion started increasing rapidly. After remaining under the Bodhi tree for 4 weeks and contemplating the nature of the religion, Buddha went out to teach religion. First he made 5 friends his followers and then sent them to preach religion.

According to the formula of Pali Siddhant, Buddha announced this at the age of 80. Gautama Buddha received his last meal which he had received as an offering from a blacksmith named Kunda, due to which he fell seriously ill. Gautama Buddha gave a specific instruction to his disciple Anand to explain to Kunda that he did not make any mistake, he said that these meals are great and incomparable.

buddhism dharmachakra
Dharma Chakra

Gautama Buddha's teachings


Lord Buddha exhorted people to take the path of the medium. He laid great emphasis on non-violence for its cause and for its unhappiness. Have mercy on the creatures Gautam Buddha has strongly condemned the havan and the animal sacrifice. The essence of some Buddha’s teachings are as follows:

⇒ Mahatma Buddha propagated and propagated some resolutions of Sanatan Dharma such as – Agnihotra and Gayatri Mantra

⇒ Meditation and insight

⇒ Follow the Middle Way

⇒ Four Arya Truths

⇒ Ashtanga paths

Major works and Buddhism

Gautam Buddha is a special person in Buddhism. The religion of Buddhism keeps its foundation in its teachings. 8-fold path of Buddhism is proposed. One of the great religions of the world, Mahatma Gautam Buddha, the originator of Buddhism, has left an indelible influence not only in the country but also abroad.

  •  Injuries will be painful and there are pain options.
  • Always remember to make a mistake on the mind, it is like a heavy burden.
  • You cannot walk on the path till you make your own way.
BodhGaya mahabodhi Temple
Bodh Gaya Temple

Successful Mantras of Gautama Buddha's life

lord buddha
Lord Budha


Anger is a harmful weapon – Anger kills your enemies as well as you, when you are very angry, your words only deceive you.

You are never punished for your anger, rather you are punished only by your anger.

We are increased by our thoughts. We become what we think when your mind is clear. Then Khushiya will always be with you as your shadow.

When you like a flower, you break it, but when you love a flower, you give it water every day.

Fills a pot of water from drop to drop.

The beginning of a small work is the beginning of the end of a big work. It does not matter whether you start from small or from big if you take that beginning to the end, then one day you will be able to achieve everything that you want.

Life is a long journey and you are like a traveler, so it would be better for us to live and travel well and not to be happy about the future is the real enjoyment of life. We should be happy by staying in the present instead of worrying about the past and the future.

Even if you are surrounded by filth, but you have a store of power to resist evil.

BodhGaya for Visitors

What to Visit Bodh Gaya

  1. Mahabodhi Temple
  2. Animesh Lochan Chaitya (Vajrasana)
  3. Bodhi Tree
  4. Chankramana
  5. Ratnagarh
  6. Sujata Kutir
  7. Dungeshwari Caves
  8. Muchalinda Sarovar
  9. Barabar Cave
  10. Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple
  11. Thai Temple & Monastery
  12. Chinese Temple & Monastery
  13. Archaeological Museum
  14. The Great Buddha Statue
  15. Burmese Temple
  16. Buddhist Monastery of Bhutan
  17. Meditation Park
  18. Dungeshwari Hill (Pragbodhi)
  19. Lotus Tank
  20. Buddha Kund
  21. Brahm Yoni
  22. Maitraya Project

General Information

Altitude: 113 Meters
Temperature (Max./Min.) Deg C: Summer 47/28; Winter-28/4
Rainfall:186 cms (Mid-June to Mid-September)
Best Season: October to March
Clothing: Summer – Cottons; Winter – Heavy Woollens

How to Reach Bodh Gaya

Air: The nearest airport is at Gaya 7 Kms and Patna 135 kms. Indian Airlines and Sahara Airlines connect Patna to Calcutta, Bombay, Delhi, Ranchi, Lucknow and various other cities.

Rail: The nearest railway station is Gaya (17km).

Road: Bodhgaya is well connected by road to Gaya (17km), Nalanda (101 km), Rajgir (78 km), Patna (135km), Varanasi (252 km), Calcutta (495km).

Bus: Regular direct bus services are available from Gaya, Patna, Nalanda, Rajgir, Varanasi. Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation run buses from Patna- Bodhgaya route twice a day.

Local Transport: Taxis, Tongas, Auto Rickshaws, Cycle Rickshaws are available.

Conducted Tour: Chartered buses or taxis are arranged from Ranchi and Patna by Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation.   Contact Bihar Tourism

Thousands of candles can be lighted from a single candle, and the life of the candle will not be shortened. Happiness never decreases by being shared.