Sama Chakeva – Symbol of Brother & Sister Love


As per well-known legend, the celebration of Sama Chakeva starts from Sama’s disastrous storey, the girl of Krishna as portrayed in Puranas. The story is that an underhanded character brought forth a shrewd plan and made a bogus claim that Sama had unlawful associations with a parsimonious. Krishna got angry and reviled her to turn into a winged creature. In any case, when Sama’s sibling became acquainted with about the scene, he noticed self-compensation. Sama was at long last brought to human structure following her sibling’s friendship and sacrifice for her. The custom is as solid a one as Rakhi, which also praises the sibling sister relationship.

The celebration begins from the evening of Chhath puja. This is the seventh day of the period of Kartik. Youthful, generally unmarried young ladies amass close to the ghats of chhath with a crate containing little symbols of sama and chakra, candles, kohl, dirt made day by day use machines and so forth around evening time. They sing conventional melodies, play out certain customs, such as making kohl, trading containers. This celebration proceeds till Kartik Purnima. On the propitious event of Kartik Purnima, young ladies take a plunge in the stream and the symbols of sama and chakeva are inundated in the waterway.


Sama Chakeva is a well-known festival of Bihar which is praised during the winters. It is during this time that it snows in the uneven districts. The beautiful winged creatures of the Himalayas fly towards the fields during this time, and the vast majority of them take cover in Bihar. These feathered creatures are invited with a celebration of a festival committed to them in the state. During the celebration of this festival, the little youngsters make icons of feathered creatures with mud. These are finished in the customary style. For about a month-long they are kept in the house and offered different dishes and petitions. The festival celebrations end with ‘vidai’ when these traveller flying creatures fly back to the Himalayas when the climate gets moderate.

Interesting Facts about Sama Chakeva

  • While noticing the customs, ladies likewise wish for the long and sound life of their siblings.
  • Hitched ladies visit their maternal homes for the celebration while those having no siblings notice the party with cousins in their territory.
  • On the 10-day party’s principal day, ladies gather mud, make icons, and design them with different tones.
  • Conveying similar symbols in bamboo crates, they sing in the ensemble in Maithili language and dance across traffic circles, avenues, public spaces and sanctuaries all through the party.
  • Legend has it that Sama, a youthful little girl of Lord Krishna was once erroneously blamed for bad behaviours and reviled to be an offered. Samba made a dauntless move out of adoration towards his sister which at long last took Sama back to human structure.
  • In Mithilanchal, it, as a rule, starts a day before the Chhat festival.
  • Celebrated in different regions across Tarai, including Mahottari, Sarlahi, Siraha, Dhanusha, Saptari and Parsa, the festival is seen with verve in many lining towns India.
  • The symbols are later lowered in a lake or waterway or in as of late furrowed land on the 11th day of the full moon to stamp the festival’s finish.

Time to Celebrate

Throughout the colder time of year season, the fowls from the Himalayas move towards the fields. With the coming of these beautiful winged animals, a celebration of Sama-Chakeva is finished. This is a festival particularly celebrated in Mithila. Mithilanchal commits this festival to the celebration of the sibling sister relationship. It speaks to the convention of this land just as the speciality of making icons. This festival begins with the inviting of the pair of flying creatures Sama-Chakeva. Young ladies make earth icons of different winged creatures and embellish them in their own customary manners. Different customs are performed, and the festival happily finished with the ‘vidai’ of sama and wished that these flying creatures re-visitation of this land the following year.